Trees are beautiful. Having trees in your yard can keep your residence cool. Trees can help shade your home, and reduce the amount of heat that reaches your home. Trees can also beautify your outdoor spaces. It is best to always select small trees with non invasive roots. There are a lot of different types of small trees with non invasive roots available in the tree nursery.
If you are planning to plant a tree for your yard, it is essential to have knowledge about the type of tree you are planting. Avoid planting trees with invasive roots. Trees with invasive roots can damage your foundations. To avoid this kind of situation, you can plant fruit trees, privacy trees, and shade trees with non-invasive roots. Small trees with non invasive root systems are excellent choice for your backyard and gardens.
Below is a list of the best small trees with non-invasive roots.
Small Trees With Non Invasive Roots
Dwarf Plum Trees
Dwarf Plum Trees are small trees that grow 5 to 7 feet tall at full maturity. The trees are native of Japan, but can also be grown all over Europe and North America. They are an excellent choice for small yards or garden.
Dwarf plum has small, non invasive roots and they typically thrives in zones 4 through 9.
Dwarf Plum Tree grows fragrant flowers and produces an edible, juicy fruit with dark red skin and pink or red-colored flesh.
This tree grows well in full sun. The tree also prefer clay or loam soil.
Just like other fruit trees, Dwarf Plum tree has a lateral root system. The tree roots grow in shallow soil. Roots spread out around 8 to 10 feet when fully matured.
Adams Crabapple Trees
Adams Crabapple is also known as Malus Adams. The tree is native to Kazakhstan and North America. This is a small tree in the family Rosaceae. It can grow up to 20-25 feet. This tree grows well in hardiness zones 4-8.
Adams Crabapple has non-invasive roots. When fully matured, the tree roots lie close to the ground. The roots are usually surface roots. Pink flowers bloom in spring and produces small red fruits in fall. The tree has fragrant flowers which makes a perfect choice for your landscape. This is a great addition to your yard because they are considered as low maintenance and versatile trees.
These fruit trees are best grown in well-drained soil, medium moisture, and acidic soil in full sun.
Amur Maple Trees
Amur Maple is a small tree with deciduous leaves grown as a garden subject. In 1860s, this tree was introduced to North America as an ornamental plant. The Amur Maple tree grows up to 9.8–32.8 feet tall with slender branches. In autumn, the leaves turn red-orange which is a perfect ornamental plant. This tree also offers flowers that are yellow-green in color.
Amur maple tree offers an excellent shade because it has a lateral spread of about 10 feet.
Amur maple tree has a heart-shaped root system. They are non-invasive because of its shallow root system. Amur maple tree grows well in hardiness zones 3-8.
Amur maple tree grows well in full sun. The tree loves moist, well-drained soil, but because it has a heart root system, the tree is vulnerable to overly wet soil. Amu Maple trees are also vulnerable to bacterial and fungal diseases, such as crown gall and anthracnose.
If you are planning to plant Amur Maple trees on your yard, make sure to leave at least 10 feet between each shrub. This will offer enough space for the tree to grow without causing damage to roots.
Avoid planting Amur maple tree above septic tanks as their root may cause damage once the tree becomes fully grown.
English Holly Trees
Also known as Ilex aquifolium or Christmas Holly. English Holly is native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia. This tree is a species of flowering plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. English holly is an evergreen tree found in shady areas of oak forests and in beech hedges.
English holly is one of the very few native evergreen trees in the British Isles. These trees are perfect choice for cold-season landscaping. English Hollies grow best in zone 5-8. The main root of English Holly tree grows deep into the soil, but its lateral roots are non-invasive because they are thinner, they don’t spread widely.
This tree is associated with Christmas. It has a green glossy leaves and bright red berries, however flower and fruit only appears in female plants. Female tree produces greenish white flowers. They need male plants to fertilize them.
The main root of English Holly are deep and strong. The roots grow between 17 to 25 inches below the ground.
Chinese Pistache Trees
Chinese Pistache or Pistacia chinensis is a small to medium-sized tree native to to central and western China. Due to its attractive fruit and and autumn foliage, it is often planted as a street tree in temperate areas around the world.
Chinese Pistache has a dense foliage that can grow and spread up to 35 feet. This makes an excellent shade tree. It can tolerate harsh conditions and low quality soils. Since this is a drought-tolerant tree, the roots won’t spread too far from the root ball in search of moisture. This reduces the risk of root invasion to your home foundation.
The Chinese Pistache grows well in hardiness zones 6-9. Its fruit is a small red drupe, which turns blue when ripe. The tree grows well in full sun.
If you want to plant a non invasive tree, this might be the best choice for you. Pawpaw is a small deciduous tree native to the eastern United States and Canada. It produces a large, yellowish green sweet fruit with several brown or black seeds. The fruit is fragrant and has a custard like taste. This non invasive tree is best cultivated in regions with warm summer and cold winters.
Trees are grown from seed. You have the option to grow pawpaw in a pot. The trees have non invasive root system and about 20 feet tall. Because of its unique growth habit, pawpaw is greatly used for landscaping. This plant species is best grown in zones 5-8.
Bronze Loquat Tree
Bronze Loquat is one of the trees with non invasive roots. Also known as Eriobotrya deflexa. The tree is native to South Vietnam and Guangdong, Hainan, Taiwan.
Bronze Loquat grows well on clay-like soil. Generally the tree can grow up to 10 to 15 feet tall. It has dark green leaves, and they are oval shaped. Bronze Loquat produces white flowers and small green fruit. The bark of Bronze Loquat is fragile and can be damaged easily.
This tree is perfect for creating patio shade and should be pruned from time to time to keep the branches from bending. It needs maintenance to avoid droopy branches. The tree is vulnerable to fire blight infections and prone to root rot issues.
American Hornbeam Tree
Also known as Carpinus caroliniana, Ironwood, Blue-beech, Muscle beech, and Musclewood. It is a slow growing tree. This tree is native to Eastern North America, South to Eastern Texas and Northern Florida. American Hornbeams are also grown in Canada.
American Hornbeam is a small tree that grows 35–50 feet tall. Its trunk is fluted and crooked. It has a smooth and greenish to grey bark. They grow well in zones 3-9. This tree is commonly planted along the borders of swamps and streams. Its fruit is a long small nut.
American Hornbeam is an excellent choice for urban environments because they grow well in moist soil.
American Hornbeam has a shallow, spreading root system, but they are not invasive to home foundations or buildings. The American Hornbeam tree has a shiny dark green leaves which makes any landscape very attractive. The leaves becomes red and yellow during fall which makes it even more captivating.
3 Types Of Root Systems Of Trees
1. Tap Root System
This is the main root or primary root of the tree. Generally the root is straight and grows downward. This type of root system is thick and is seen in trees such as hickory, pines, oaks, tupelo, and walnut.
2. Lateral Root System
This is the secondary root of the main root. A smaller root that grows horizontally from the main root. Trees with lateral root system are cottonwood, birch, maple trees, and ash.
3. Heart Root System
Also known as Oblique root system. It grows diagonally and has similar use as the lateral roots. Heart root system has many primary roots that grows laterally from the trunk. Trees that have a heart root system are red oak, basswood, pine and honey locust.
With that said, if you plan to plant a tree on your backyard or garden, it is essential to know the root structure of the plant to avoid damage to your home foundations. Knowing how big the tree will grow and how far the root system will spread can avoid future problems. Avoid planting trees with invasive roots near your house or septic tank. Always do your research before planting a tree. Check if the trees have non invasive roots or not. Thank you for reading this post.